Peru, which has four of the five geographical areas most vulnerable to
climate change – ranging from fragile mountain ecosystems to low-lying coastal
areas – will host the 20th UN climate change conference in 2014.
The 2013 UNDP report warned that Peru's climate
change vulnerability could undo the advances it has made in channelling
economic growth into sustained poverty reduction. Peru's poverty rates have
been more than halved over the past decade, dropping from 48.5% of the
population in 2004 to 25.8% in 2012, according to the World Bank.
"If we disregard [environmental] sustainability, whatever progress
we have made in poverty reduction or improvement of human development will just
be erased due to climate change," cautioned Maria Eugenia Mujica, one of
the UNDP report's authors.
Peru has already lost 39% of its tropical glaciers due to a 0.7C
temperature rise in the Andes between 1939 and 2006. But, the report noted,
with a predicted temperature rise of up to 6C in many parts of the Andes by the
end of this century, there will be "harmful impacts on human
Peru, which contributes just 0.4% of the world's
greenhouse gases, was ranked third after Bangladesh and Honduras, in climate
hazards risks by the UK's Tyndall Centre for Climate Change